page re-produced from an original publication by SCANCOLOR (AUSTRALIA),
614 South Road, Moorabbin, Victoria 3189, Australia.
0 9081 44 25 3
Photography, Ian Roberts.
and white photographs from the archives of the Australian War Memorial.
design, Bill Stockdale.
text, A.W.M. Senior Curator of Military Heraldry and Technology,
One of the
most popular and possibly the most impressive of the
exhibits displayed at
the Australian War Memorial is the Avro Lancaster B1, known with affection
as "G for George". It dominates Aeroplane Hall in which other historically
important military aircraft and relics illustrate the significant contribution
made by the Australian Flying Corps and the Royal Australian Air Force.
"G for George"
has a remarkable history. Built in 1942 it saw service with the No. 460
Squadron R.A.A.F. while in Britain, until its "retirement" in 1944
from active service. During the height of the bomber offensive in 1943-1944,
"George" flew 90 operational missions over Germany and occupied Europe.
Time and again aircraft accompanying "George" on these missions were lost;
the aircraft's very survival made it unique.
however, is only a machine. Nothing could have been accomplished without
the dedication and courage of the aircrews. Mostly Australians and usually
very young, these men were always brought home safely by "George"; however,
more than 30 of them are known to have died subsequently while flying in
other aircraft. "George's" reputation for reliability is also a tribute
to the ground crews responsible for maintaining it.
site is dedicated to the courage and devotion to duty of the men of the
Australian bomber squadrons, so many of whom flew in aircraft like "George",
as well as those who served with the various R.A.F. bomber squadrons.
N. J. Flanagan,
After each mission a bomb
was painted on the side of the aircraft. Eventually 90 bombs were applied
and to these were added the ribbons of the Distinguished Flying Medal,
the Conspicuous Gallantry Medal and the Distinguished Service Order. Certain
Pilots distinguished their missions by adding personal symbols to the bombs.
The "Saint" figure was painted alongside missions of Flight Sergeant J.
A. Saint-Smith; a red bar indicates those of Flight Sergeant J. Murray;
a blue "V for Victory" for Flying Officer J. Henderson; while Pilot Officer
"Cherry" Carter's missions were indicated by a pair of red cherries.
on turning Pages for
about "G" for George.
to 460 Squadron